EXCLUSIVE NEWS: BURHAN KAYA
TurkeyBursa, which is one of the important cities of Turkey, emerges as a city where immigration is abundant and urbanization is developing rapidly. As such, many problems arise in structuring. When we look at the sector, Building Inspection Firms have a great deal of work.
The latest in Izmir earthquakeThe collapse of the buildings and the loss of the lives of over 100 citizens. building controlbrought to the s.
What is the situation in Bursa? What is Building Inspection and what is its operation? What are their work and problems? We did a research on this subject.
For this too build 24 years of experience in the industry with 18 years of experience in building inspection system security of buildingsWith Serkan Işık, the owner of Serkanlar Yapı Denetim, who provided the company, we addressed all those who are curious about their sectors, earthquake reality and urban transformation, questions and problems.
Serkan Işık, Chairman of the Board of Serkanlar Yapı Denetim CompanyHe said, “After 2000, there is earthquake guarantee in all buildings that are subject to the building inspection system.”
Light In addition, by pointing out the importance of showing goodwill of the citizen about urban transformation, in this sense, ‘a mental transformation’ stated that it should occur.
Giving information about their profession, Işık said, “I worked as a municipal development manager for 11 years. I have been working in the audit sector for 18 years. Building inspections started with the 1999 Marmara Earthquake. In 2000, with the instructions of the ministry, he made examinations in Gölcük, the epicenter of a group of earthquakes that I was a part of. Then the ministry asked us how the building inspection could be. So I can say that I am at the core of this business. Then, the building inspection system was started to be tested in 18 pilot provinces. To briefly explain the task of building inspections; We inspect the building, including all its projects. First, all projects are prepared and the building comes under inspection. We have personnel who are experts in their profession. These supervise projects and measure their suitability according to the location. If there is something wrong, it also wants to be corrected. Our evaluation criteria; according to the ground where the building will be built, the zoning status in the municipality and the earthquake regulations of Environment and Urbanization. Solution and controls are done accordingly. Corrections are made after the project is over. Workplace delivery begins after the license application. After that, the entire load is under building control. Measurements are also made after the delivery of the workplace. After the subbase is formed, samples are taken from the iron. Tests are made to certain standards. If suitable, that iron is used and if it does not pass the test, it is requested to be replaced. Then, on-site manufacturing starts. Chip system is now used in concretes. The Ministry made an agreement with ASELSAN on this issue. All the results of the concrete go first to ASELSAN and then to independent test organizations. If the values are not sufficient, these results cannot be intervened and are subjected to on-site core testing.
As of 30.11.2020, the data matrix application of Concrete Firms has been started. As of the date the concrete plant is released, information such as the material, all tests, which island-parcel to be used in and who is the contractor are recorded with the YİBF number. In short, the ministry introduced a system that forces the citizens to have a healthier building and the contractors to use quality materials, ”he said.
NO MORE FOR ERRORS!
Stating that they face serious sanctions if the corrections requested from the contractors are not made, Işık said, “It is our responsibility from the location of the sockets to the mold used in the constructions. When we see an error, we give the contractor 5 days in the first place to correct it. We also report this period to the relevant administration. If the error is corrected during this time, there is no problem. If it is not corrected, we write another letter to the relevant administration and say ‘the petitions were not made by the contractor’. They also have the building inspected. As a result, it fines and even demolishes the building, ”he said.
‘WE WORK ON BEHALF OF THE MINISTRY’
“As building inspection firms, we have legal personality, but we carry out inspections on behalf of the ministry according to the Building Inspection Law No. 4708,” said Işık continued as follows:
“We are conducting inspections on behalf of the ministry. Our inspection is done by the ministry. We are inspected 2-3 times a year. We are inspected in the active field, not on paper. The sanctions faced by building inspection companies are really heavy. Each building inspection firm provides 386 thousand TL coverage. If a negative situation occurs during our audits, we are faced with sanctions such as the burning of our guarantee and the penalty for not getting a job. If we do not get a job for 1 year, it is very difficult for us to stand. The date 01.01.2019 is a milestone for our profession. Previously, everyone was getting work from the owner or contractor himself. As such, some yawning could be encountered. The Ministry also took steps in this regard and established a pool system. As of 01.01.2019, all kinds of projects are entering the pool system. Building inspection firms also take turns working from that system. There is also a pricing given by the Ministry. Different prices are not available. In other words, the people who inspect the Ministry on my behalf win equally. “
Serkan Işık also mentioned some of the problems of the industry in this regard:
“Building inspections now have to make improvements in the ministry’s unit price coefficient calculations. Building inspectors, which are in a losing sector today, need to improve the unit prices and increase the calculated number of floors. “Turkey needs support for building inspections, which are indispensable, to make profits,” he said.
Işık said, “2018 continued at a stable level in construction in this country. In 2019, when the country was relieved, the pandemic broke out and what happened again happened to the construction sector. In this case, for about 2.5-3 years, the owners of each building inspection firm have been trying to survive by taking loans and putting forward their savings in order to keep their employees and their companies established by spending effort. However, sustainability is not possible when they cannot make a profit in the sector they work in today. We have a promise, when we look with the understanding that building inspections control the future of the country, the Ministry should improve the earnings of building inspectors on a sectoral basis ”. said
‘EXPERIENCE SHOULD BE CONSIDERED’
Noting that those who are experienced in their sectors and those who are new to the profession should be separated according to certain criteria, Işık said, “A person who has become a new engineer may be inadequate in some subjects. At this point, we recommend classification. Because there are buildings that require experience. For example, I have been working as a building inspection specialist for 16 years. I have my signature on many buildings from school to hospital. There must be a difference between me and a person who is just starting out, so to speak. “What will he do if you give a 45-storey building to this person who has not yet known the material and the building.
‘WE SHOULD RECOVER FROM DAMAGE’
Noting that their industry has been going through a difficult period, Işık said, “The construction industry experienced perhaps the biggest contraction of the last 50 years in our country in 2018. Between 2018-2019, we financed our companies completely from our pocket. During that painful period, 47 of the 73 people in Bursa were left behind by the building supervisors who actively worked. The pool system came on a business basis and currently 103-104 people are active in this system. There is no distinction between experienced and inexperienced in this system. However, companies like us work with expert personnel. Naturally, our expenses are accordingly… I have expenses between 74 thousand TL and 80 thousand TL per month. In return, I have to get a job up to 10 thousand square meters per month so that I can go to zero. But we don’t have such a chance right now. For this reason, I do not think that newly opened companies can walk with us for a long time. At this point, the ministry should look at the work done in the last three months. I see building inspection firms for sale from owners on the internet. This situation should be prevented. Previously, building inspection firms were opened with the signature of the Council of Ministers. But nowadays, you buy commercial activities from BTSO and start to work. It was that simple. “If building inspection companies build our future and guarantee our tomorrow, these companies should also get rid of the loss situation and make a profit.”
Serkan Işık, who also presented her views on urban transformation, said, “Urban transformation in Bursa is really a difficult task. During my candidacy for Osmangazi Mayor candidate, we took many steps in the field. It is very simple to do urban transformation in separate order. How can it be done adjacent to what matters? Bursa is an old city in terms of its nature, establishment and history. There are various buildings from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire to the first years of the Republic. “You are trying to build a building, you are hanging on to the Board of Monuments or the Natural Being.” Işık also stated that they are working with experts in the adjacent order and added that they will present this study to the ministry in the coming days.
Serkan Işık wanted to draw attention to this while explaining the situation in Bursa. He reminded that “The issue that our President Recep Tayyip Erdogan constantly speaks in Bursa programs is that the development level of this city has become permanent according to the history of this city and he emphasizes the importance of urban transformation”. He continued his words for this as follows:
“When we look at the residential areas of this city and the history of the city, it is seen that 60 percent of the buildings were built before 2000. As such, urban transformations should be accelerated before an earthquake in Bursa, ”he said.
‘MENTAL TRANSFORMATION MUST BE TAKEN FIRST’
Emphasizing that the intention of the citizen is important in transformation, Işık said, “Our President has an accurate determination… The citizen has to show good intentions here, too. The state does not have a situation to make a total transformation in 81 provinces. No country in the world can do such a job. The first priority remains with the citizen. The citizen will know that first of all; ‘Is my building earthquake resistant or not? There are 2 alternatives; the first is the strengthening and the second is the urban transformation. If the citizen is to transform the building itself, the state provides enormous opportunities. Banks can receive loans with 1-3 years grace period and 5-10 years, up to 1/3 of the current interest rates. There is also rent support. He gives about 50 thousand liras for free. If the contractor will make the building, he waives the fees and title deed costs and also provides rent aid for 18 months. But citizens should not expect 110 square meters of flats for 110 square meters. Contractors also have to earn money. If you say that I waive 30 or 40 percent of my house, the contractor steps here. Without such a thought, the state cannot do anything. Mental transformation must be done before urban transformation. The citizen should ask himself the question ‘whether I should stay in a rotten building or should I stay in a building where I can sleep comfortably about the renovation of my building by renouncing certain rights’.
‘BUILDING AFTER 1999 IS SAFE’
Stating that the buildings subject to the building inspection system after 99 are earthquake-safe, Işık said, “After 1999, we experienced two major earthquakes in our country. Finally, we detected risky buildings on all streets of Bayraklı for 15 days on a voluntary basis in Izmir. We made a request to the ministry. As a result of the investigations we carried out after the two major earthquakes that took place after the 1999 earthquake, all our buildings were intact, except for minor cracks in only 2 of our buildings subject to the building inspection system. Before, everyone who had cuts was on the field. It was not clear who was doing what. Now the buildings are inspected by experts in their fields. I can say that after 2000, all buildings that are subject to the building inspection system have earthquake assurance ”.